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Posts Tagged ‘Scripture’

Adam’s Silence

I’m preaching this upcoming Sunday, March 13th. The Old Testament reading is: Genesis 2:15-17; 3:1-7. This is the story of the temptation of Eve and Adam by a serpent in the garden of Eden.

What struck me this time as I read Genesis 3 was Adam’s silence. You see, I had learned as a child that Eve was the one who was tempted by the serpent and the first to sin, and then she went and found Adam and led him astray. Bad Eve, it was all her fault. But if you take a close look at Genesis 3:6 you will find that both Adam and Eve were present during the conversation with the serpent and the eating of the fruit.

Genesis 3:6 – So when the woman saw that the tree was good for food, and that it was a delight to the eyes, and that the tree was to be desired to make one wise, she took of its fruit and ate; and she also gave some to her husband, who was with her, and he ate.

Adam was present and silent. In this interpretation the fault is communal.

I’d like to explore this further but I don’t know if it will fit into my sermon or if it will have to be another discussion later.

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Last Sunday’s gospel was Matthew 17:1-9, the Transfiguration of Jesus. Peter, James, and John had an incredible experience of Jesus’ Transfiguration and the appearance of Moses and Elijah, all of which took place on a mountain.  Many sermons on this text focus on “mountaintop experiences,” experiences in our lives which are inspiring and/or life-changing, and that can bring new and profound understanding and insights. Also examined in sermons is the experience of returning to normal life after one of these “mountaintop experiences.” Our seminarian preached a good sermon that covered these points.

Last week I returned from Big Event 4.0 – a continuing education cruise arranged by the women at RevGalBlogPals. BE 4 was an opportunity to spend time with old friends and make new ones, learn from the stories of one another and from our moderator Rev. Carol Howard Merritt, and of course rest and relax in the sun. It was an amazing experience, and in many ways a mountaintop experience (although ocean-top experience is more technically correct in this case).

Today is Ash Wednesday, and the first day of Lent. I find last Sunday’s gospel to be especially appropriate for where I find myself today. I’ve come down from the mountain, (disembarked the ship), and returned home. It is the end of one journey, and now the beginning of another – Lent.

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On February 20th, I preached a sermon based on the gospel reading Matthew 5:38-48. This is where the famous “turn the other cheek” comes from.  I do not have a sermon text to post, because I preached from a few note cards.  However, I wanted to share the main points of the sermon and the resource that I used.

My sermon was primarily informed by Walter Wink’s article How Turning The Other Cheek Defies Oppression.

Walter Wink argues that “Do not resist an evildoer” would be better translated as “Do not violently resist the evil one.”  After all, Jesus did resist evil and calls us to do the same! It’s violent resistance that Jesus rejects, and he goes on to give 3 examples of non-violent resistance: 1. Turn the Other Cheek, 2. Give Your Cloak, and 3. Go the Second Mile.

If anyone strikes you on the right cheek, turn the other also. –  Turning the other cheek is not being a doormat. In Jesus’ day, a person would only hit another person with their right hand (the left hand was considered unclean). The only way to hit someone’s right cheek with your right hand is to backhand them (which is an insult, it implies dominance). By turning the other cheek, you make it impossible for them to backhand you again. If they hit you with the palm then they are now calling you an equal.

If anyone wants to sue you and take your coat, give your cloak as well. – A coat can be used by a very poor person as collateral for a loan (Deut 24:10-13). Jesus is saying that if someone is heartless enough to take the clothes off of your back, give them all of your clothes and be naked. Yes, nakedness was taboo in that culture, but it was more shaming for the people who viewed the nakedness than for the actual naked person.

If anyone forces you to go one mile, go also the second mile. – This refers to a Roman law that allowed Roman soldiers to force someone to carry all of their gear (65-85 pounds worth). There were severe penalties under military law for abusing this, the limit was one mile. If you were willing to go a second mile the Roman soldier would not know if you were insulting his strength, being kind, or were going to get him in trouble at the next stop.

Jesus is using examples of non-violent resistance that shame the oppressor and reclaims power for the oppressed. For a more in-depth exploration of this, please read Walter Wink’s excellent article found here.

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